What is the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Crime Statistics Act (The Clery Act)?
It is a law that requires colleges and universities, both public and private, participating in federal student aid programs to disclose campus safety information, and imposes certain basic requirements for handling incidents of sexual violence and emergency situations. Disclosures about crime statistics and summaries of security policies are made once a year in an Annual Security Report (ASR), and information about specific crimes and emergencies is made publicly available on an ongoing basis throughout the year.
The Act is named in memory of Jeanne Clery who was raped and murdered in her residence hall room by a fellow student she did not know on April 5, 1986.
Why is the Clery Act important?
The Act was designed to assist students in making decisions which affect their personal safety and to ensure institutions of higher education provide students, prospective students, staff, and faculty the information they need to avoid becoming victims of campus crime.
What are the major requirements of the Act?
Under the Clery Act, each University must:
- Publish an annual security report by October 1st of each year. The report must be made available to all current and prospective students and employees;
- Have a public crime log documenting the nature, date and general location of each crime;
- Disclose statistics for reported Clery crimes that occur on campus, on public property within or immediately adjacent to campus, and in or on non-campus buildings or property that the institution owns or controls;
- Issue timely warnings about Clery Act crimes which pose a serious or ongoing threat to students and employees;
- Initiate notification procedures for any significant emergency or dangerous situation involving an immediate threat to the health or safety of students or employees occurring on the campus;
- Disclose fire safety policies and procedures related to on-campus housing and statistics for fires that occur in those facilities; and
- Enact policies and procedures to handle reports of missing students.
How does Texas A&M comply with the Clery Act?
Texas A&M performs the following in order to comply with Clery Act requirements:
- The annual security report published by Texas A&M can be found at http://urc.tamu.edu/clery-act/clery-annual-report;
- Public crime logs can be found at (https://upd.tamu.edu/Crime%20Logs/Forms/AllItems.aspx);
- Crime statistics are disclosed in the annual security report;
- When the University Police determine that a crime poses a serious or continuing threat to the campus community, a timely warning will be issued. Timely warnings are distributed by the campus email system to students, staff and faculty and posted in the University Police website crime alert section;
- The Texas A&M emergency notification system, Code Maroon, can be found at http://codemaroon.tamu.edu/. Code maroon is tested monthly. Emergency preparedness and response plans can be found at http://www.tamu.edu/emergency/resources/plans.html;
- The Texas A&M Annual Fire Safety Report on Student Housing can be found at http:/urc.tamu.edu/clery-act/clery-annual-report; and
- The response for handling a report of missing student is detailed in the annual security report.
What categories of crime are included in the annual security report?
- Murder & Non-negligent manslaughter
- Manslaughter by negligence
- Sex Offenses
- Statutory Rape
- Aggravated Assault
- Motor Vehicle Theft
- Domestic Violence
- Dating Violence
Hate crimes must also be reported by category of prejudice:
- National Origin
- Gender Identity
- Sexual Orientation
The report must also provide statistics for the following categories of arrests or, if an arrest was not made, referrals for campus disciplinary action:
- Liquor Law Violations
- Drug Law Violations
- Illegal Weapons Possession
Who enforces the Jeanne Clery Act and what are the penalties for noncompliance?
The United States Department of Education is charged with enforcing the Clery Act and may level civil penalties against institutions of higher education or may suspend them from participating in federal student financial aid programs. Complaints of violations should be filed with DOE regional offices.